Political collaboration

On cooperation of the Kyrgyz Republic with the United Nations

The Kyrgyz Republic joined the United Nations (UN) on 2 March 1992 in accordance with the resolution of the UN General Assembly (GA) 46/225.

The Kyrgyz Republic considers the UN as an authoritative and universal international organization. The UN is the center for solving problems concerning maintaining peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, cooperating in solving development problems, reducing poverty, promoting respect for human rights, environment protection, fighting diseases and many other challenges and problems of mankind.

Kyrgyzstan established close partnership with the UN in many areas related to sustainable human development. The interaction of the Kyrgyz Republic with the UN is viewed through the prism of the country's foreign policy priorities such as implementation of the provisions the resolutions on sustainable mountain development, assistance to poor mountain countries, a block of socio-economic issues, combating terrorism, drug trafficking, security and disarmament issues, on Afghanistan, water and energy issues, recultivation of uranium tailings, peacekeeping operations, etc.

The most significant events of the Kyrgyz Republic membership in the UN are the adoption of resolutions of the UN General Assembly initiated by the Kyrgyz party:

  •  "Commemoration of the millennium of the Kyrgyz national epic, Manas" (49th Session of UNGA),
  •  "International Year of Mountains 2002" (53rd session of UNGA),
  • "Status of preparation for the International Year of Mountains, 2002" (55th session of UNGA),
  •  "Sustainable development in mountain regions" (59th session of UNGA)
  •  "Rendering assistance to poor mountain countries to overcome obstacles in socio-economic and ecological areas" (59th session of UNGA),
  •  "Sustainable mountain development" (60th, 62nd, 64th, 66th, 68th, 70th session of UNGA),
  •  "Year of Kyrgyz Statehood" (57th session of UNGA),
  •  "World Day of Social Justice" (62nd session of UNGA),
  • "The role of the international community in averting the radiation threat in Central Asia" (68th session of UNGA) и several resolutions on Nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia.

         Also, in the UN General Assembly resolution "Promotion of interreligious and intercultural cultural dialogue, mutual understanding and cooperation for the sake of peace" adopted on December 11, 2017 mentions the second World Nomadic Games held in September 2016 on the shore of Issyk-Kul Lake, Kyrgyzstan, as the event encouraging social unity, peace and development. In addition, in its resolution "Strengthening Regional and International Cooperation for Peace, Stability and Sustainable Development in the Central Asian Region" adopted on June 22, 2018, the UN General Assembly supported the holding of the World Nomadic Games on a regular basis, which promotes the development of intercultural dialogue.

The above initiatives have helped to attract the attention of the world community to existing problems at the global level, including the mountainous countries, as well as to the culture and history of Kyrgyzstan.

The Kyrgyz Republic works actively on social issues and human rights through participation in the work of the main UN social commissions aimed at discussing poverty eradication strategies for achieving sustainable development for all people, including an emphasis on vulnerable groups - children, women, youth, elderly people and people with disabilities.

Kyrgyzstan also cooperates with relevant UN bodies, including the UN Office of Counter-Terrorismand the UN Security Council's Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate on strengthening the cooperation of the Kyrgyz Republic with relevant UN bodies and agencies (UNSC, UNDP, UNODC, CTC) to build the capacity of the Kyrgyz Republic in the fight against terrorism.

Fruitful cooperation is carried out with the United Nations Regional centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia in Ashgabat. Also Kyrgyzstan closely cooperates with the United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs and its Regional Center for Peace and Disarmament in the field of non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, in particular, on the Zone free of nuclear weapons in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is the depositary of the Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia which entered into force on 21 March 2009 after ratification by the five Central Asian countries.

Several times the Kyrgyz Republic was elected to various UN elected bodies and the governing structures of its specialized agencies including the General Committee of the UN General Assembly, the UN Human Rights Council, the UNEP Executive Board, the Committee on Conferences, the UNDP / UNFPA Executive Board, the UN Committee on NGOs, the Committee on Drugs, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, the Commission on the Status of Women, the Commission on Sustainable Development, the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations, the International Telecommunication Union, the ITU Radio Regulations Board, the International Telecommunication Union, the International Telecommunication Union, the Economic and Social Council and the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Currently, the Kyrgyz Republic is a member of the UN Human Rights Council for 2016-2018 and in April 2017 was elected a member of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs for the period 2018-2021. In addition, the representative of Kyrgyzstan was re-elected to the UNCTAD Intergovernmental Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting for 2019-2021.

Currently Kyrgyzstan presented its candidature to the Non-permanent members of the UN Security Council for 2027-2028.

During the years of independence, such specialized agencies, organizations and programs of the UN system as the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), UN-Women, the Office of the High Commissioner the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime (UNODC), the World Health Organization (WHO), and others established their offices in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Kyrgyzstan has been actively involved in UN peacekeeping operations, sending about 150 of its representatives (military and law enforcement officers) to various UN peacekeeping missions since 1998, including Sierra Leone, Liberia, Kosovo, Sudan, East Timor, Eritrea / Ethiopia, Haiti and Chad. Currently, peacekeepers from Kyrgyzstan are currently serving in the UN missions in Darfur, Southern Sudan and Abyei.

Thus, the Kyrgyz Republic and the United Nations have established a mutually beneficial and fruitful cooperation with each other. The cooperation allows Kyrgyzstan actively participate in resolving pressing international issues and, at the same time, to receive support from the UN in matters of sustainable development of the country.